Saturday, April 30, 2011

Short Fiction Competition: Flannery O'Connor Award

Flannery O'Connor Award for Short Fiction

About the Flannery O'Connor Award

More than fifty short-story collections have appeared in the Flannery O'Connor Award series, which was established to encourage gifted emerging writers by bringing their work to a national readership. The first prize-winning book was published in 1983; the award has since become an important proving ground for writers and a showcase for the talent and promise that have brought about a resurgence in the short story as a genre. Winners are selected through an annual competition that attracts as many as three hundred manuscripts.

Winners of the Flannery O'Connor Award for Short Fiction include such widely read authors as Ha Jin, Antonya Nelson, Rita Ciresi, and Mary Hood.

Submission Guidelines: 2011 Competition

New in 2011: We will be accepting electronic submissions to the Flannery O'Connor Short Fiction this year alongside hard copy submissions. See details below. For the 2012 competition, we plan to move to all online submissions. Flannery O'Connor Short Fiction Award news and updates are available on our Facebook page.

Dates for submission: Manuscripts may be submitted between April 1 and May 31. (For hard copy submissions, postmark must be no later than May 31.) Winners will be announced by the end of August.

Our online submissions manager is available here.

Tech support for using the submissions manager is available at 1-406-480-6274. The $25 entry fee can be paid online via credit card or PayPal.

Selection process: Each of three contest judges reads approximately one third of the manuscripts submitted to the competition, with a fourth judge available if needed based on the total number of submissions. Judges select 7-10 finalists each; the pool of finalist manuscripts is read by series editor Nancy Zafris, who makes the final selection of two winning manuscripts. Authors of winning manuscripts receive a cash award of $1,000, and their collections are subsequently published by the University of Georgia Press under a standard book contract.

Eligibility: The competition is open to writers in English, whether published or unpublished. Writers must be residents of North America.

Manuscript Guidelines

Manuscripts must be available as electronic files on request (even if submitted in hard copy) and should be between 40,000-75,000 words in length.
The award recognizes outstanding collections of short fiction. Collections may include long stories or novellas (est. length of a novella is 50-150 pages). However, novels or single novellas will not be considered.
Stories included in the submission may have appeared previously in magazines or anthologies but may not have been previously published in a book-length collection of the author's own work.
Authors may submit more than one manuscript to the competition for consideration as long as no material is duplicated between submissions. Each submission will require a separate entry fee.
Manuscripts under consideration for this competition may be submitted elsewhere at the same time. Please notify us immediately (via e-mail at press[at] if your manuscript is accepted by another publisher and should be withdrawn from the Flannery O'Connor Short Fiction Award competition (entry fees are not refundable).
Blind review: The intent of this contest is that manuscripts will be considered on the merits of the fiction and that judges will not be aware of the names or publication records of the authors. To this end:

Please do not include a list of acknowledgments crediting where stories have been published.
Please do not include your name on the pages of the manuscript only on a cover sheet (for hardcopy submissions) or in the form boxes of the electronic submission manager. The first page of the manuscript should include the title of the collection only.
Judges who recognize work will recuse themselves and the submission will be reassigned to a different judge.
Additional guidelines for hard copy submissions

Please be sure manuscript pages are numbered.
Use a standard, easy-to-read font such as Times New Roman in 12 point size.
Include a cover sheet with author's name, address, phone number, e-mail address, and the title of the manuscript.
All manuscripts must be accompanied by a $25 submission fee. Please make checks payable to the University of Georgia Press. Only checks drawn on a U.S. bank or international money orders are acceptable.
Please do not send manuscripts in binder notebooks or bulky containers. Use two rubber bands and mail in a padded envelope. Note that manuscripts submitted to the contest will not be returned.
Send manuscripts to:

The Flannery O'Connor Award for Short Fiction
The University of Georgia Press
330 Research Drive Athens, GA 30602-4901

Confirmation of receipt and notification: For both electronic and hard copy submissions, receipt of the submission will be confirmed via e-mail. You should receive confirmation immediately for electronic submissions and within four weeks for hard copy submissions.

An announcement of winners and finalists will be sent to all entrants via e-mail by the end of August.

To update your contact information, withdraw your manuscript from the competition, or query if we have not acknowledged your hard copy submission after four weeks, please contact us via e-mail at press(at)ugapress(dot)uga(dot)edu (replace (at) with @ and (dot) with . )
The press will not accept phone calls regarding the Flannery O'Connor Award.

Statement of Integrity: The University of Georgia is thoroughly committed to academic integrity in all of its endeavors, and the University of Georgia Press adheres to all University of Georgia policies and procedures. To help ensure the integrity of the competition, manuscripts are judged through a blind review process. Judges in the Flannery O'Connor Award for Short Fiction competition are instructed to avoid conflicts of interest of all kinds.

Nonfiction Competition: Greywolf Press Nonfiction Prize

Graywolf Press Nonfiction Prize


A $12,000 advance and publication by Graywolf will be awarded to the most promising and innovative literary nonfiction project by a writer not yet established in the genre. Robert Polito, Director of the Graduate Writing Program at the New School, will serve as the judge.

The 2011 prize will be awarded to a manuscript in process. We request that authors send a long sample from their manuscript, as well as a description of the work, as detailed below. We expect that we will work with the winner of the prize and provide editorial guidance toward the completion of the project. The Graywolf Press Nonfiction Prize emphasizes innovation in form, and we want to see projects that test the boundaries of literary nonfiction. We are less interested in straightforward memoirs, and we turn down a large number of them every year. Before submitting your manuscript for the prize, please look at the books previously published as winners of the prize for examples of the type of work that we are seeking.

"This prize seeks to acknowledge and honor the great traditions of literary nonfiction, extending from Robert Burton and Thomas Browne in the seventeenth century through Defoe and Strachey and on to James Baldwin, Joan Didion, and Jamaica Kincaid in our own time," says Robert Polito. "Whether grounded in observation, autobiography, or research, much of the most beautiful, daring, and original writing over the past few decades can be categorized as nonfiction. Submissions to the prize might span memoir, biography, or history."

Previous winners:

2010: The Grey Album: Music, Lying, and the Blackness of Being by Kevin Young
2008: Notes from No Man's Land: American Essays by Eula Biss
2007: Black Glasses Like Clark Kent: A GI's Secret from Postwar Japan by Terese Svoboda
2006: Neck Deep and Other Predicaments by Ander Monson
2005: Frantic Transmissions to and from Los Angeles: An Accidental Memoir by Kate Braverman

Eligibility: Any writer who has published at least one previous book (in any genre) and resides in the United States is eligible. We will consider one submission per person. Graywolf's editors and the prize judge reserve the right to invite submissions. Agented submissions are also welcome. Manuscripts submitted for previous years' prizes will not be reconsidered unless resubmission has been specifically requested by Graywolf's editors or the judge.

Timeline: Submissions must arrive in the Graywolf offices between June 1-30, 2011. This is not a postmark deadline. The winner will be announced in late 2011.

Procedure: We strongly encourage using our online submissions manager to submit your manuscript for the nonfiction prize. Online submissions should follow the same formatting guidelines as paper submissions: twelve-point font, double-spaced text, numbered pages. Please include the required materials as the initial pages of your manuscript file. Note that we only accept Word files (.doc and .docx).

Please send all paper submissions, including the materials listed below, to:

Graywolf Press, Attention: Nonfiction Prize
250 Third Avenue North, Suite 600
Minneapolis, MN 55401

The writing sample should be in a standard twelve-point font, double-spaced, and printed on one side of the page only. Use a rubber band or clip to hold the materials; do not staple or permanently bind any of the pages, as we may need to photocopy them for the judge. Please do not send manuscripts directly to the judge. Materials will not be returned.

Required materials:
--One-page cover letter containing a one-paragraph biographical statement and brief (2-4 sentence) description of the project. Please include any previous publications in the biographical statement.
--A two to ten-page overview of the project, including a description of what is already complete and what work remains to be finished.
--A minimum of 100 pages (25,000 words) from the manuscript. If submitting online, all required materials should be included as the initial pages of your manuscript file.

We strongly encourage using the online submissions manager, as it allows you to check the status of the manuscript, and streamlines the process of submitting. It will be open for Nonfiction Prize submissions during the month of June 2011 only.

Notification for online submissions: All online submissions will receive an email response after the winner has been chosen. We cannot answer any queries about the status of manuscripts.

Notification for paper submissions: If you would like to be notified that your paper submission has been received, please enclose a self-addressed, stamped postcard. For announcement of the winner, please enclose a self-addressed, stamped #10 (business-sized) envelope. Only those who include an SASE will receive a reply. We cannot answer any queries about the status of manuscripts.

The winner will be notified directly, and public announcement of the winner will be made on our web site in late 2011. All decisions are final, and the judge cannot comment on individual submissions.

Sunday, April 24, 2011

Call for Submissions: Prime Number Magazine

Prime Number Magazine has just released its latest issue. (We've also just learned that we were named a Runner-up for Best New Magazine of the Year by storySouth, even though we only had two issues in 2010, and we're excited about that recognition.)

We're now reading for the next issue and we're looking for DISTINCTIVE work in all genres: flash fiction (under 1000 words), short stories (under 4000 words), essays (including craft essays and narrative non-fiction under 4000 words), poetry (all shapes and sizes), book reviews, interviews (query first), short drama, and cover art (reflecting the number of the issue--next up is No. 11).

We accept submissions only via Submishmash. Please see our Submission Guidelines.

We look forward to seeing your work!

Open reading period: Cooper Dillon Books (poetry)

Cooper Dillon Books is a small poetry press founded on promoting and maintaining the values that make poems timeless. Through the publication and distribution of full-length collections and chapbooks, our intention is to nurture the poet and reader who finds joy in aesthetic, beauty, honesty and intimacy.

Between April and August, we welcome submission of chapbook and full-length poetry manuscripts.
As a new independent literary press devoted exclusively to poetry we're excited to consider all types of poems. Cooper Dillon Books intends to select two full-length manuscripts and two chapbooks per year. Find all the details here.

Note: There is an $10.00 reading fee, or you can purchase a book from their publication list.

Friday, April 22, 2011

Short Prose Competition: Quiddity

Quiddity is pleased to announce the TERESA A. WHITE LITERARY AWARD, affectionately referred to as the “BUCK-A-WORD” CONTEST.

The award honors the late Teresa A. White, who worked as an editor at Southern Illinois University Press for thirty-five-plus years and vivified language as she did life.

First Prize: 500 USD and publication in Quiddity as well as public-radio broadcast (offered via NPR member and PRI affiliate, Illinois Public Radio hub-station WUIS); honorable mentions may also be offered publication and broadcast.

~Submit one work of prose totaling no more than 500 words (title included) as well as the $12 entry fee. Submit online using Submishmash or by mail (checks payable to Quiddity).

~Work should be previously unpublished; simultaneous submissions with immediate notification are okay, but the contest awards only for FNASR, so works accepted elsewhere will be withdrawn from consideration, and please note: the entry fee will not be returned.

~All entries must be typed and must include a cover letter with author's name and contact information (address, telephone, and email address) as well as the title and word count of the work submitted. The  author’s name or any identifying information should not appear on the manuscript itself.

~Judging is blind. Quiddity’s editorial board will judge.

~Entries that do not meet the guidelines will not be considered, and entry fees are not refundable.

~All entries that meet the guidelines will be considered for publication.

~Those who choose to mail their submission should include both an email address and, for reply, a self-addressed, business-size (#10), stamped envelope (SASE).

Deadline (online and postmark): October 31, 2011
Winners will be announced by December 15, 2011.

Submit online here or mail entries to:

2011 Teresa A. White Literary Award
1500 North Fifth Street
Springfield, Illinois 62702

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Writing Competition: New Letters Awards

New Letters: A Magazine of Writing and Art Call for Writing

$1,500: The New Letters Poetry Award
$1,500: The Dorothy Churchill Cappon Essay Award
$1,500: The Alexander Patterson Cappon Fiction Award

All entrants will be considered for publication and will receive a one-year subscription to New Letters.*
Deadline: postmark by May 18, 2011,
or enter online at

1. Simultaneous submissions are welcome. Please notify us if work is accepted elsewhere. Submit unpublished work only. No refunds will be issued.
2. Enclose with each entry:
a. $15 for first entry; $10 for each entry after. $15 entry includes cost of a one-year (four issues) New Letters subscription, an extension of a current subscription, or a gift subscription. Make checks payable to New Letters Literary Awards. *Entries from outside the United States receive all contest privileges except the subscription.
b. Two cover sheets--the first with complete name, address, e-mail/phone number, category, and title(s); and the second with category and title(s) only. Personal information should not appear anywhere else on the entry.
c. A stamped, self-addressed postcard (optional) for notification of receipt and entry number.
d. A stamped, self-addressed envelope (optional) for a list of the winners.
3. Manuscripts will not be returned. No refunds will be issued. No substitutions or revisions.
4. Entries in fiction and essay are not to exceed 8,000 words. Poetry entries may contain up to six poems. They need not be related.
5. Multiple entries are welcome with appropriate fees.
6. Current students and employees at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, and current volunteer members of the New Letters and BkMk Press staffs, are not eligible.

All entries are considered for publication. First runners-up will receive a copy of a recent book of poetry or fiction from our affiliate BkMk Press. One winner and one runner-up will be selected in each category. Winners will be announced mid-September 2011. $1,500 prize money paid to each winner upon publication in our awards issue. Join our community of writers.

New Letters is an international magazine of writing and art. Previous final judges include Philip Levine, Maxine Kumin, Gerald Early, Joyce Carol Oates, Rishi Reddi, Mary Jo Salter, Floyd Skloot, Carole Maso, Cornelius Eady, and Margot Livesey.

Submit electronically at, or mail entries to:

University House, 5101 Rockhill Road
University of Missouri-Kansas City
Kansas City, MO 64110

Poetry Award: The Richard Snyder Memorial Publication Prize

The Richard Snyder Memorial Publication Prize

This poetry book series honors the memory of Richard Snyder (1925-1986), poet, fiction writer, playwright, and long-time professor of English at Ashland University. He served for fifteen years as English department chair, and in 1969 co-founded and served as co-editor of the Ashland Poetry Press. He was also co-founder of the creative writing major at Ashland University, one of the first at the undergraduate level in the country. In selecting manuscripts for this series, Ashland Poetry Press editors keep in mind Snyder's tenacious dedication to craftsmanship and thematic integrity.

Submissions to the Snyder Prize are screened by Deborah Fleming, Editor. The 2011 Snyder Prize judge is Natasha Trethewey.
The Winner of the Snyder Prize Receives:

publication of winning manuscript in a paperback edition of 1,000 copies
50 copies of the published book (in lieu of royalties)

2011 Submission Guidelines:

Book-length poetry manuscripts
Original collection of poems of 50 to 80 pages, with no more than one poem per page, single sided
Single spaced
Bound by a single clip: No Folders or Notebooks, Please
Two title pages: one with name, address, and phone number and one with title only
$25 reading fee made payable to The Ashland Poetry Press
Deadline: April 30, 2011
Translations are not eligible
Ashland University employees and their spouses are not eligible

Mail one hard copy to:

The Richard Snyder Publication Prize
The Ashland Poetry Press
Ashland University
Ashland, OH 44805

For notification, enclose a letter-sized self-addressed, stamped envelope. All manuscripts other than the winning one will be recycled.

Look for our announcement in an upcoming issue of The Writers' Chronicle (AWP) and Poets & Writers.

Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Call for Submissions: cream city review

cream city review is pleased to announce a special section for our upcoming Spring 2011 issue:  “Dispatches from the Front: Labor and the Fight For Worker’s Rights.”

Do you have a recent, related experience that you would like to share with the world, whether protesting at the Capital in Madison or working in your community to support the rights of workers? We are seeking  submissions of personal narrative, poetry, art, even fiction, that seeks to document the ongoing protest over the dissolution of workers' rights in Wisconsin.

Ideally, we are looking for local Wisconsin voices that represent a wide range of communities and identities, but will also consider work from those in solidarity from around the world. We also welcome voices of protest from communities impacted by other recent policy enactment in Madison (cuts in health care,educations, etc…). Preference will be given to voices that have fewer resources for having their voice  in print; cream city review will also seek to juxtapose those voices with work from published writers/journalists that offer a personal perspective on their experience.

We invite writers and artists to submit their work via our online submission manager.

Please selectthe appropriate genre for your work, i.e. “Labor poetry” or “Labor visual art,”etc. Submissions selected for this special section will be published in or around May/June 2011. Deadline for submissions is May 1, 2011.

Founded in 1975, cream city review is a biannual literary journal, edited andpublished by graduate students at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. We receive support form the Graduate Program in Creative Writing, private donations, and a grant from the Wisconsin Arts Board. The journal is distributed nationally and internationally by Ingram Periodicals and can be found in independent and chain booksellers in the United States and Canada. More information can be found here.

Call for submissions: tak'til

Got some poems, fiction, or non-fiction sizzling on your hard drive? Hungry for publication, or maybe just hungry? tak′tīl, an online lit journal of work that jolts the senses, is accepting submissions for its inaugural issue!

At tak′tīl, we look for work with haptic memory: sense-oriented poems and pieces of prose that convey as much through words as our synapses do when we touch and taste and smell. We are less interested in works that are cerebral, and more in pieces that offer a unique sense experience—for instance, writing about food so vivid readers can taste oysters on their tongues, can feel the stretch and give of bread dough in their hands.

So tantalize our senses! Send your best stuff! To submit, please send as many poems or pieces of prose as you'd like to:

info.taktil(at) (replace (at) with @ in sending e-mail)

no later than April 20th.

Fiction Competition: American Fiction

American Fiction: The Best Unpublished Short Stories by Emerging Writers, twice chosen by Writers' Digest as one of the best places in the United States to publish fiction, will be open to submissions from Feb. 1, 2011, to May 1, 2011, (postmark date).
First Prize: $1,000
Second Prize: $500
Third Prize: $250

Entry Fee: $12/story
Contest winners and finalists will be published by New Rivers Press in fall 2012 and distributed nationally by The Consortium.

Winners and finalists will be announced by September 2011.

Finalist Judge: Josip Novakovich
This year's judge, Josip Novakovich, moved from Croatia to the U.S. at the age of twenty. He has published a novel, April Fool's Day (published in ten languages), three story collections (Infidelities: Stories of War and Lust, Yolk, and Salvation and Other Disasters) and three collections of narrative essays. His work was anthologized in Best American Poetry, the Pushcart Prize collection, and O. Henry Prize Stories. He has received the Whiting Writer's Award, a Guggenheim fellowship, two National Endowment for the Arts fellowships, the Ingram Merrill Award, and an American Book Award, and he has been a writing fellow of the New York Public Library. He teaches creative writing at Concordia University in Montreal.

Contest Guidelines:
Submit electronically

Mail entries:
American Fiction Prize
151 Glenwood Street
Manchester, CT 06040

We accept all genres of unpublished literary fiction. Entries must be: unpublished; strictly 7,500 words or less; postmarked or received electronically between Feb. 1, 2011, and May 1, 2011; clearly marked "American Fiction Prize" on both the story and the outside of the envelope if the submission is sent through the mail; accompanied by a $12 entry fee per story (make checks payable to American Fiction). Please include a cover page with your name, story title, mailing address, and email address. Do not include your name on the pages of the story. Please ensure all stories are typed, double-spaced, and that the title and page number appear on each page. In lieu of an email address, please include a self-addressed, stamped envelope.

We welcome multiple entries ($12/story). For entries outside the U.S.: please send entry fee in U.S. currency or money order. While we cannot return manuscripts, we will forward a list of the winning stories to any entrant who includes an SASE; as well, we will e-mail contest updates to anyone who provides an active e-mail address. Entrants retain all rights to their stories.
Thank you for your interest, and good luck!

Thursday, April 7, 2011

Prose and Poetry Reading: Estrella Mountain Community College

Hello all!

I'm pleased to announce that I will be reading an excerpt from my novel-in-progress, The Double Sun, at the faculty reading at Estrella Mountain Community College on April 12, 2011. The details:

April 12, 2011
10:00 a.m.--2:00 p.m.
Estrella Mountain Community College, CTL Bldg.
3000 N. Dysart Rd.
Avondale, AZ 85392

Parking and admission are free. There will also be free food. Hope you can join me!

Post-Publication Prize for a First Novel: McLaughline-Esstman-Stearns Prize

The Writer’s Center is pleased to announce that it will award $500 annually to the author of the best first novel published during a given calendar year. Conceived and funded by board member Neal P. Gillen, the McLaughlin-Esstman-Stearns Prize honors three dedicated writers and members of The Writer’s Center faculty—Ann McLaughlin, Barbara Esstman, and Lynn Stearns—each of whom unselfishly nourish and inspire students and fellow writers.

Eligibility and Requirements:
All first novels published in 2010 are eligible, including those published by major, independent, and self-publishing presses. Only American authors publishing in English are eligible. All entries must be postmarked by July 15, 2011. Entries not postmarked prior to or on this date will be ineligible, and they will not be returned unless accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. Authors must submit three copies of their published novel along with a contact cover sheet indicating name, address, phone number, and e-mail address (no cover letter required). No galley proofs will be accepted.

Following the judging process, books will not be returned unless accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope with sufficient postage. The Writer’s Center is not responsible for lost or damaged books. Writer’s Center staff, board, and workshop leaders may not enter.

Send submissions via regular mail only (postmarked no later than July 15) to:

Zachary Fernebok
Administrative Coordinator
4508 Walsh Street
Bethesda, MD 20815

If you have questions about the prize itself, please contact Publications & Communications Manager Kyle Semmel at:

The Writer’s Center will solicit a group of no more than 15 volunteer judges to serve as first-round judges. These volunteers will evaluate books to determine if they meet eligibility requirements, and they will read and evaluate the submissions. Submissions advancing to the second round of judging will be evaluated by a team of three final judges. Final judges will be selected from our membership and workshop leader pool. These judges will determine at their sole discretion the Award recipient.

The Winner:
The Winner will be announced in October. He or she will receive a feature in the Winter/Spring edition of The Workshop & Event Guide, at, and our blog, First Person Plural. In addition, if feasible, he or she will be invited to read at The Writer’s Center during a reception to honor his or her work.

Learn more about The Writer's Center here.

Call for Submissions: On Earth As it Is

On Earth As it Is features prayer narratives, or characters talking to God.

We've run pieces from Melanie Rae Thon, Erin McGraw, Kyle Minor, Adam Robinson, and many other writers. The faith background of the writer (or the narrator) doesn't matter. We're interested in hearing what all kinds of people—Christians, Jews, Muslims, Atheists, Agnostics, Druids, New-Agers—have to say to God.

We will be accepting electronic submissions of poetry and fiction for the month of April only. Submissions should be under 1500 words. Simultaneous submissions okay. Go to our website for more details and the submission portal.

Monday, April 4, 2011

Call for Submissions: shady side review

The editors at shady side review are actively seeking poetry and flash prose (fiction & nonfiction) for their sixth installment to be released in early summer, 2011. However beautiful or harrowing, shady side review seeks work that that treats the world with unflinching, aching honesty.

Please visit our website to get a feel for our aesthetic and to read our full guidelines. Please note: we read year round, but all submissions must be received by May 1 for consideration in the upcoming issue.

Call for Submissions: qarrtsiluni

Contributions of nonfiction, poetry, short fiction, photographs, digitized artwork, short films, original musical compositions, spoken word recordings, and collaborative works are sought for an imprisonment-themed issue of qarrtsiluni, edited by Ken Lamberton and Ann E. Michael.


Is a prisoner simply in the lock-up, or locked up in a multitude of ways? Penned, caged, in the slammer, shut off, closed down, barred and gated, captive, detained, committed, incarcerated, in custody, kidnapped, impounded, seized, snagged, pinched, restrained, jailed…English offers hundreds of ways to name kinds of imprisonment —physical, emotional, intellectual, metaphorical — perhaps because something very basic within us rebels against containment, even when it has its benefits. Like the seedling tree that pushes through cliffside rock to reach sunlight, barriers are things we instinctively push against and try to overcome. Perhaps we are all prisoners.

What are the objects, desires, laws, thoughts, that imprison us? Why do we withhold ourselves; what holds us back? Must punishment be linked to constraints; and where are our prisons of the mind, heart, and place? Might there even be times when imprisonment is welcomed? The editors ask writers and artists to engage in an exploration of the idea and the physical experience of containment and to send work to us that surprises and expands the notion of what it means to be a prisoner.


The deadline for submissions is April 30. All submissions should go through our submissions manager. People without easy access to the internet, such as prisoners, may get someone else to submit on their behalf. For this issue, we may be able to accommodate postal submissions from prisoners as well, but please query first.

The size limits per submission this time are 3 poems, 4 images, 2 prose pieces at 1000 words maximum each, or any combination thereof.